With assets of corn, soybeans, farmers and packing capacity, Iowa is the ideal location for pork production. The “Tall Corn” state also needs plenty of fertilizer to produce the bushels of corn and soybeans fed to pigs. Approximately 10 finishing pigs from weaning to market provide the nutrient needs of an acre of Iowa cropland on a semi-annual basis. Nutrients from one 2,400-head pig barn benefits a half-section of land (240 acres)!
Another interesting factoid: one hog consumes approximately 9 to 10 bushels of corn from birth to a market weight of 275 pounds!
Iowa Pork Industry Facts:
• At the end of 2008, Iowa had 8,300 hog operations.
• At any one time, there are approximately 19 million pigs being raised in Iowa.
• Approximately 30 million hogs are raised in Iowa each year.
• Iowa producers marketed more than 37 million hogs in 2008.
• The U.S. pork industry marketed more than 121 million hogs in 2008.
• Iowa is the number one pork producing state in the U.S. and the top state for pork exports.
Source: National Pork Board, Iowa Agriculture Statistics Service www.nass.usda.gov/ia/
Iowa Pork Production Economic Contributions:
• The Iowa pork industry generates nearly $950 million in household income for pork producers.
• More than 39,000 jobs are directly related to raising and caring for hogs in Iowa.
• Iowa pork production alone contributes nearly $5 billion to the Iowa economy.
• Several billion dollars are generated in the state each year from pork processing activities.
• The total value added by Iowa pork producers to the state is more than $2.5 billion.
Statistics based on 2007 U.S. Census of Agriculture and analysis by Spencer Parkinson of Decision Innovation and Iowa State University.