2020 Iowa Pork Industry Facts:
On the Farm
- Iowa is the number one pork producing state in the U.S. and the top state for pork exports.*
- Nearly one-third of the nation’s hogs are raised in Iowa.
- Iowa has more than 5,400 pig farms.
- There are pig farmers in every Iowa county. The top five Iowa counties for pig production are Washington, Sioux, Lyon, Hamilton and Plymouth.
- Iowa producers marketed almost 48 million hogs in 2018.
- At any one time, there are approximately 24 million pigs being raised in Iowa.
The Economic Contribution
- As of 2019, 147,105 jobs were associated with the Iowa pork industry.*
- One in nearly 10 working Iowans has a job tied to the pork industry.*
- Exports of pork from Iowa totaled more than $2.1 billion in 2018.
- In 2019, Japan, Mexico, China, Canada, and South Korea werethe leading value export markets for Iowa pork. The largest export markets by volume were Mexico, China, Japan, Canada and South Korea.*
- Hog production contributed $13.1 billion to the state economy in 2015.*
- The pork industry contributed $40.8 billion in sales in 2019.*
- Pork slaughtering and processing facilities generated 66% of the sales, hog production generates 34% of sales.*
- From wean to 270 lbs., a pig eats approximately 12 bu. of corn and 2.5 bu. of soybeans.
- During the year, Iowa pigs will eat corn from 22% of Iowa corn acres and 23% of Iowa soybean acres.
The Sustainability Side of Pork
- Livestock production in Iowa supplies about 25% of Iowa’s cropland fertilizer needs
- Pork sustainability keeps improving. When compared to 1960, the use of natural resources per pound of pork produced has been reduced significantly. Nearly 76% less land is used, 25% less water, and 7% less energy. In all, that shrinks the carbon footprint by nearly 8%.***
* Source: Decision Innovation Solutions 2020 Economic Contribution Study.
2020 Iowa Pork Economic Contribution infographic
**Source: U.S. Meat Export Federation 2018 Pork Export Statistics
***Source: A Retrospective Assessment of U.S. Pork Production: 1960 to 2015, University of Arkansas, 2018.